Glossary

  • α-Bisabolol (alpha-bisabolol): Terpene also found in chamomile.
  • α-pinene (alpha-pinene): Terpene also found in pine, conifers, sage.
  • β-caryophyllene (beta-caryophyllene): Terpene also found in cloves, hops, rosemary. Used to help dogs identify the smell emitted by cannabis to enable detection.
  • β-myrcene: Terpene found in lemongrass, bay leaves, mango.
  • Caryophyllene oxide: Terpene also found in eucalyptus
  • Humulene: Terpene found in hops, ginger and pine
  • Limonene: Terpene found in the rinds of citrus fruits.
  • Linalool: Terpene is found in many flowers and spices.
  • Terpene: organic substances that give different smells to organic materials.
  • Extraction: the process of using a solvent to separate the plant's cannabinoids from the undesired plant material.
  • Indica: a species of Cannabis plant, associated with nighttime use, originating from the Middle East and parts of Asia.
  • Sativa: a species of Cannabis plant, associated with day-time use, originating from the Middle East, Africa and the Caribbean.
  • Hybrid: a Cannabis plant derived of the two species Indica and Sativa, and having genetic properties of both.
  • THC: one of many molecules found in the Cannabis plant, it is the primary psychoactive component.
  • CBD: one of the many molecules found in the Cannabis plant, it is another primary constituent in the plant that doesn’t have psychoactive activity.
  • THCA: a precursor cannabinoid that needs to be heated to turn into the active THC.
  • CBDA: a precursor cannabinoid that needs to be heated to turn into the active CBD.
  • CBG, Cannabigerol: Cannabigerol is the precursor to both THC, CBD and CBC. It is found predominantly in hemp as opposed to medical or recreational Cannabis, which is often bred to produce higher levels of THC and CBD.
  • CBN, Cannabinol: When THC is exposed to sunlight, or degrades naturally over time, it becomes Cannabinol. A more potent cannabinoid than THC, CBN is said to be one of the best cannabinoids for sleep.
  • CBC, Cannabichromene: A lesser known cannabinoid that has fewer proven medicinal effects but is sometimes used to relieve anxiety
  • Flowers: the flowers produced by the cannabis plant contain the highest concentration of the plant's cannabinoids and terpenes.
  • Bud: refers to the flowers of the cannabis plant that contain the highest concentration of the plant’s cannabinoids and terpenes.
  • Cannabinoids: Cannabinoids are the chemical compounds in the cannabis plant responsible for most of its therapeutic effects. Cannabinoids react with the CB1 and CB2 receptors that our in our body as a part of the endocannabinoid system. There are over 85 known cannabinoids that exist within the cannabis plant, but only a few have been popularized and studied to this date.
  • Concentrates: Any form of Cannabis that has gone through an extraction; commonly known forms of concentrates include rick simpson oil, phoenix tears, shatter, dabs, moonrock, budder, hash, bho oil and wax.
  • Cannabis: A general scientific classification, and medical term for marijuana.
  • Cannabis oils: a type of concentrate made by extracting and fusing the cannabinoids into an oil suspension (i.e. coconut oil, butter, sesame oil, etc).
  • Edibles: food products (i.e. cookies, brownies, etc) made using cannabis oils/concentrates.
  • Hemp: a variation of the Cannabis plant that is bred for its fiber and seeds rather than its medicinal content.
  • Keif: The dusty cannabis aftermath collected from a grinder after it has been used a few times.
  • Marijuana: another term referring to the Cannabis plant
  • MMAR: the old Medical Marijuana Access Regulations, which allowed limited patients access to Medical Cannabis from a handful designated growers. In place from 2001 to 2014.
  • MMPR: Marijuana for Medical Purposes Regulations, which allowed patients to access Medical Cannabis from Licensed Producers in a more conventional “prescription” style method. In place from 2014 to 2016.
  • ACMPR: the latest version of Marijuana access regulations, referred to as the Access to Cannabis for Medical Purposes Regulations. Built off the MMPR, it also has provisions for patients to grow their own cannabis at home. In place from 2016 to indefinite.
  • Resin: Naturally created by the cannabis plant to protect against UVb rays, highly concentrated with Cannabinoids and Terpenes.
  • Vaporizer: a device that heats Cannabis into a vapor rather than burning it into a smoke.
  • Joint: A Cannabis cigarette containing dried cannabis.
  • Endocannabinoids: Cannabinoids created naturally within the human body, that activate the CB1 and CB2 receptors.
  • Human endocannabinoid system: The Endocannabinoid system is made up of a series of G-protein-coupled receptors that regulate and control the levels and activity of cannabinoids in our receptors. The human Endocannabinoid system is comprised of two types of receptors, CB1 and CB2.
  • Pot: A recreational term for Marijuana.
  • Weed: A recreational term for marijuana, derived from the plants ability to grow and proliferate in almost any climate (it grows like a weed).
  • CBD1 Receptor: Located throughout the central nervous system, the CB1 receptors are primarily expressed on neurons where they play a role in modulating neurotransmission at specific receptors.
  • CBD2 Receptor: Located primarily in the immune cells and tissues, more specifically peripheral nerves, enteric nervous system and pelvic viscera.
  • Trichomes: Trichomes are production glands that look like tiny hairs on the cannabis plant. They are responsible for the plant’s production of cannabinoids, produced in the resin of the plant.
  • Topical: A formulary or cream, infused with cannabis and applied externally directly on the skin.

See for yourself! Find out how you can connect with your patients and licensed providers of medical cannabis.